A Complete Guide To Mobile App Development Process

A Complete Guide To Mobile App Development Process

Mobile apps are synonymous with smartphones. They make smartphones full and are crucial components that make these units “good”. Individuals spend 90% of mobile time on apps, and they’re additionally accountable for 57% of all digital media usage.


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mobile purposes come in several types and sizes. They are often as small because the Tiniest Smallest App APK ever, which is simply 2.5 KB in dimension. Or it may be one thing as huge because the Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas sport app which is 2.6 GB in dimension.

With the variety of smartphone customers forecasted to exceed 3.8 billion by 2021, creating apps is a extremely profitable enterprise, and their demand exhibits no indicators of slowing down. Though app improvement isn’t rocket science, it may be fairly overwhelming if it’s your first time.

This information will focus on all points of the cell app improvement course of intimately. Even if you happen to aren’t aware of app programming languages, don’t fear, we’ll focus on among the instruments you should utilize to develop your very first app with out coding. Let’s get began.

The 7 Crucial Levels of mobile App Improvement Process

1. Analysis

Have a Strong Thought

Each app begins with an thought or a few concepts grouped collectively. After all, not each app is developed to trigger disruption like Uber. It’s possible you’ll wish to digitize your small business to promote services and products on-line, and cell purposes are nice containers for that.

Are you questioning “How do you begin an app thought?” Should you’re creating an app to generate income from it, however don’t have a formidable thought but, begin considering by way of issues and options.

Should you really feel you may remedy an issue with an app and may tempt folks to make use of it, you’ll have an thought that may be remodeled right into a income technology supply. Additionally, the vast majority of apps you come throughout shall be primed to deal with the ache level of their customers.

For instance, Uber or Lyft affords the answer of getting cabs virtually immediately. Gaming apps present an answer for boredom and productiveness apps like Trello or Todoist assist folks get organised. The purpose right here is that your app should remedy a urgent downside for its customers.

Briefly, ask your self these three questions.

  • What issues will the app remedy for customers? (App’s goal)
  • What are its key options? (App’s distinctive promoting level)
  • How will you tempt customers to offer it a strive?

With the ever-increasing competitors and shortage of concepts, the probabilities are excessive that your app’s idea shall be stolen or copied. To keep away from such undesirable conditions, we suggest you to patent your app.

Know Your Goal Viewers

Some of the important cell app improvement course of steps is to know your viewers. Your app’s audience refers back to the group of individuals to whom it’s developed for.

TikTok and Snapchat primarily goal youngsters and younger adults, Airbnb, Google Translate and Withlocals are aimed toward travellers. Realizing who your viewers is crucial for cell app design, improvement and advertising. Right here’s an instance of a audience profile.

To know extra about discovering the appropriate group of viewers, try our final information on the target audience of mobile apps.

Know Your Opponents

As soon as you recognize your goal customers, it is advisable to know your rivals as effectively. Probably the greatest methods to carry out competitor evaluation is by the method known as review mining. Because the title suggests, overview mining refers to checking the evaluations of your rivals’ apps on app shops like Apple’s App Store and Google’s Play Store.

After all, there are a lot of different alternative app stores equivalent to Amazon App Store and AppGallery. However the majority of customers specific their views and opinions within the type of evaluations and scores on Google Play and App Store.

By checking your rivals’ app evaluations, you may,

  • Discover the options within the rivals’ apps that customers hate, love or require tweaking.
  • Discover the options the customers need probably the most, however the rivals’ apps are but to supply.
  • Discover the explanation why the customers retain or churn.

Whereas performing a aggressive audit, it’s also possible to try,

  • The monetization methods they use.
  • The challenges confronted by the rivals alongside the way in which.
  • The strategies they use to market their app.
  • The strategies used to accumulate and retain customers.

Successfully performing competitor evaluation will provide help to to keep away from the trouble of creating the identical errors your rivals made. It is possible for you to to know the state of the market and the efforts it is advisable to chip in to make your app stand out.

Select a Identify That Sticks

Identical to your app’s idea, its title too issues rather a lot. Consider one thing that may stick within the customers’ heads, however at all times chorus from lengthy names. If you’d like the benefit of App Store Optimization (mentioned later), you may embody key phrases like how AppNotifier or AutoSync does it.

On that notice, we have now a complete information that discusses all points of generating a name for an app. Take a look and get impressed.

Outline Your App Improvement Price range and Timeline

Defining a finances and timeline is a vital a part of the cell app improvement course of as in any other case, it gained’t take a lot time to lose sight of each.

The app development cost depends on quite a few components equivalent to the character of the app, options, platforms, person expertise, person interface (UI), who builds it and extra. Usually, the price of creating an app could be represented by the system,

App Price = Improvement Time x Hourly Fee

It may also be represented as,

App Price = [Features x Time] x Hourly Fee

Select Your App’s Monetization Technique

App monetization technique defines the way you’ll be producing income out of your app. Typically, you may monetize your software by the next strategies.

  1. Premium Model (Paid Downloads)
  2. Freemium Model
  3. Subscription Model
  4. In-App Advertising
  5. In-App Purchases
  6. Lead Capture Forms
  7. Sponsorships
  8. Partnerships
  9. Licensing
  10. Crowdfunding

Your app’s monetization technique could be primarily based on its goal customers and nature. For example, 71% of gamers prefer in-app ads over paid apps. So for video games, in-game advertising shall be a greater technique for increasing the person base with out harming income technology.

Determine Between Native, Net, Hybrid or Cross-Platform

Based mostly on the know-how used to code them, apps could be divided into 4 primary varieties – native, internet, hybrid, and cross-platform.

Should you’re questioning what is a native app, it’s an app developed for a selected platform or working system. Examples are apps like Pokémon GO and Whatsapp. Should you’re planning to construct native apps, then you definitely’ll need to create particular person apps for various working programs or platforms because the code can’t be reused.

Web applications aren’t actually apps. As a substitute, they’re web sites written in HTML/CSS and run by a smartphone’s browser. In contrast to native apps, internet purposes don’t demand to be put in in your cellphone. And as anticipated, they work solely in case you have an web connection.

Hybrid apps mix the traits of each native and internet purposes. A few of the hybrids can perform offline and will appear and feel no totally different from native apps. Nonetheless, each hybrid and internet purposes have inferior capabilities with regards to utilising system and {hardware} sources such because the GPS or digital camera.

Many confuse cross-platform purposes with hybrid apps. Whereas hybrid apps are primarily internet apps launched in native containers, cross-platform app development refers to creating a reusable and shareable code that can be utilized to create purposes for various working programs.

The method of cell app improvement shall be notably affected by your resolution at this stage. The associated fee and time of improvement are usually the best for native purposes and the bottom for internet purposes.

Android, iOS, or Each?

One other crucial side of the cell app improvement lifecycle is selecting between Android and iOS or embracing each. Since Android and iOS represent 99% of the mobile OS market, creating apps for them makes extra sense.

When contemplating Android vs iOS market share, Android wins on a worldwide scale, despite the fact that iOS is favoured in international locations just like the US and Japan. Because of this selecting which working system to construct your app for is a crucial resolution to be taken primarily based on its audience.

Since iPhone and Android users behave differently, there shall be a notable distinction within the UI design of the app for every OS and person retention efforts like push notifications. Usually, app builders launch apps for each the working programs and customers are additionally identified emigrate between each.

Select the Tech Stack

Tech stack refers back to the set of applied sciences used to construct an software. Usually, the know-how stack will include programming languages, libraries, frameworks, servers, patterns, UI/UX instruments, and different software program instruments utilized by builders and designers.

The tech stack can have a profound impact on the cell app improvement value and course of and is determined primarily based on,

  • App kind (Native, internet, or hybrid)
  • Platforms it ought to run (Android or iOS)
  • Improvement workforce
  • Business-specific necessities
  • Safety

In different phrases, the tech stack is determined primarily based upon the approaches underlying the front-end and back-end improvement of an software.

As you recognize, front-end improvement refers to creating the interface utilizing which the customers work together with the app. Equally, back-end improvement refers back to the server-side of the applying that accepts person enter, processes it and delivers an output.

The know-how stack used for front-end and back-end improvement depends on the app kind, that’s whether or not it’s a local, internet, hybrid, or a cross-platform app. Let’s take a look at the tech stack for every occasion.

Native App Improvement


Programming languages – Java, Kotlin

Toolkit – Android Studio


Programming languages – Objective-C, Swift

Toolkit – Apple XCode

Hybrid App Improvement

Programming instruments – Apache Cordova, Ionic

Cross-Platform App Improvement

Programming instruments – React Native, Xamarin, Flutter

Net App Improvement

Programming instruments – HTML, CSS, JavaScript, WebAssembly

The back-end of an software is constructed utilizing instruments equivalent to PHP, Python, and different applied sciences generally used for internet app improvement. Though there are two important varieties of databases, SQL and NoSQL, typically, SQL databases are most well-liked.

You’ll additionally require further back-end buildings equivalent to push notification companies to help an software. You may get the help of a cell backend-as-a-service supplier for shorter time-to-market and higher scalability.

You’ll additionally want a internet hosting setting like Amazon AWS or Rackspace to host your database. It’s also possible to make use of software program improvement kits, that are units of applications and improvement instruments that may provide help to create customized purposes for particular platforms.

With SDKs, you don’t need to create particular parts of an app from scratch. SDKs additionally include APIs – that are codes that permit apps to change knowledge and talk with one another. Take a look at our complete information that discusses all points of mobile SDK.

Construct an MVP

One of many prime explanation why cell purposes fail is as a result of the market doesn’t need it. Should you ignore the wants of the market and go forward with making a full-fledged app, you’re risking rather a lot, by way of sources and efforts.

To make sure your efforts are channeled in the appropriate path, that’s, to guarantee your app’s idea is price pursuing, you may construct a minimum viable product mobile application first. A minimal viable product (MVP) app has simply the essential, but important options.

The time, effort and value of creating an MVP are minimal as in comparison with a full-fledged software. It’s a good way to know whether or not customers like your app because the dangers related to creating an MVP is decrease.

When you have a good finances and a brief cell app improvement course of timeline, you may strive creating an MVP to draw traders and acquire market validation.

In-Home or Outsource?

mobile software improvement is a course of that takes time, effort and teamwork. Relying on its complexity, an app could be designed and developed by a single particular person or a bunch of lots of.

Should you lack an in-house workforce, you may at all times outsource app development to a distant workforce. Should you do have an in-house workforce, however wish to pace up the method or require further sources, you may rent freelance app developers.

Equally, there are quite a few portals like CodeCanyon and Fliptopia that allow you to buy apps from developers. When you have a novel thought, then this gained’t be a fascinating choice as such portals promote you ready-made apps which could be custom-made to your necessities.

2. Design

App UI design could make or break your software. As a typical person shall be interacting solely with the front-end, that’s the person interface  of an app, realizing how to design an app and improve the user experience is essential for app improvement. Happily, there are a number of app design templates you may readily use.

Should you’re developing a game, then the design course of might develop into a bit extra sophisticated. We now have a devoted information you may try if you wish to know extra concerning the game design process.

Should you’d wish to know the very best instruments you should utilize for designing an app, try our checklist of best app design software in 2020.

One other factor price mentioning is the affect of display screen sizes on apps. In case you are planning to construct purposes for a number of platforms equivalent to smartphones, tablets, and PC or Mac, the smartphone units would be the ones with most restrictions, particularly with respect to display screen dimension.

In that case, following a mobile-first design method will assist in delivering the appropriate person expertise to the appropriate display screen. This implies whereas designing the app, your first focus ought to be on the smallest machine, which might even be the smartwatches. You possibly can work your approach as much as the larger screens, thereby holding the UX intact.

The design course of could be divided into two – Consumer Expertise Design and Consumer Interface Design. Take a look on the sub-components of each.

Consumer Expertise Design

Data Structure and Workflows

They’re diagrams that depict how knowledge shall be ingested and displayed on the app. Additionally they map the person journey and can present how a person interacts with the top product.


Wireframes, also called low-fidelity mockups, are the digital sketches of an app’s performance. They focus solely on the UX of the app and is a fast and cost-effective methodology to design and consider app layouts.

Consumer Interface Design (UI Design)

Model Information

Also called “dwelling paperwork”, model guides maintain data concerning an organisation’s branding, font use, color scheme, app icon, and navigation icons. They assist in sustaining the consistency all through the design course of and are particularly very important if you happen to’re outsourcing improvement necessities.


Mockups are created by making use of the model information on the wireframes and could be thought-about as the ultimate visible rendering of an software’s design. The final set of app design modifications are carried out at this stage.


Prototypes assist in representing an app’s performance with the usage of static design. They simulate the workflow and provides an outline of the applying. This can assist stakeholders recognise the options which can be price pursuing.

Should you’d wish to know the most recent crazes within the cell design realm, try our article on the top 20 mobile app design trends of 2020.

3. Develop

Should you don’t go for a mBaaS supplier, the builders should arrange storage options, servers and databases for the back-end. Additionally, try the app Store tips of each the App Store and Play Store to cut back the possibilities of rejection.

As you recognize, you may both select to code the app and use SDKs or create an app with out coding. Should you’re nonetheless determining how to become a mobile app developer, then going for a no-code app builder is the following neatest thing.

There are many instruments out there, like Appypie and AppsBuilder, that allow you to create primary apps. However if you happen to’re planning to develop augmented reality apps or graphically demanding cell video games, then no-code app builders might not permit you to take action.

Typically, the cell app improvement course of could be divided into three phases.

i. The Alpha Part

On this section, solely the core performance of the app is developed however isn’t examined. The appliance, though barely useful, can have quite a few bugs and glitches that require fixing.

ii. The Beta Part

On this section, the app will embody all of the important options and performance. The appliance will even bear a lightweight spherical of testing. Nonetheless, there shall be a couple of bugs to be fastened. Nonetheless, the app could be shared with a particular few exterior customers for testing.

iii. The Launch Part

On this closing section, the applying has undergone a number of iterations of testing. The app could be labelled bug-free and could be launched to the general public.

Take a look at our information on Android app development course of step-by-step if you happen to’d wish to know extra about how Android apps are developed.

4. Take a look at

Listed here are among the widespread checks an app should bear to supply a greater person expertise.

Practical Testing

A check that ensures all of the options work as per the necessities.

Efficiency Testing

This check measures the response time of particular duties the app performs.

Safety Testing

A check to uncover vulnerabilities which will compromise the person knowledge.

Machine-Particular Testing

Take a look at to verify whether or not the applying works seamlessly throughout a number of working programs and display screen sizes.

Consumer Acceptance Testing

This check entails permitting actual customers to check the applying in real-world eventualities. The suggestions supplied by the customers will additional form the app.

After all, there are a number of different testing methods, equivalent to person expertise testing, regression testing, and beta testing.

5. Launch

Arrange a Developer’s Account

To publish an software on the app shops, you will have to enrol for respective app Store’s developer applications. For Apple’s App Store, it’s known as the Apple Developer Program. For Google’s Play Store, it’s known as Google Play Console.

Carry out App Store Optimization (ASO)

App Store Optimization (ASO) could be thought-about because the web optimization for cell app shops. Rightly performing ASO will enhance the visibility and rating of your apps on app Store search outcomes. In our app marketing information, we have now coated all points of ASO intimately. Test it out.

6. Market

Purchase Customers

With thousands and thousands of purposes out there in each the app shops, it is advisable to take your app to the customers and never the way in which round. There are quite a few app user acquisition methods you may implement for that matter.

You possibly can,

  • Run paid app install ads.
  • Carry out ASO to the core.
  • Cross-promote utilizing different apps.
  • Apply for app awards on web sites like The Webby Awards and Best Mobile App Awards to realize extra publicity.
  • Get featured in the app stores.
  • Get featured in mobile app review sites like TechCrunch and Wired.
  • Promote your app with influencer marketing.

Whereas speaking about person acquisition, customer lifetime value (CLV) of mobile apps is a vital time period you want to concentrate on. The lifetime worth of a person refers back to the complete quantity of income you may count on from a selected buyer, over the complete interval of relationship with them.

Whereas operating any type of advertising, the value of buying a buyer should at all times be decrease than CLV. In any other case, you’ll be spending extra to accumulate a person than you may revenue from them.

Normally, retaining existing users is extra economical than buying new ones. For that, you may,

  • Craft a convincing app onboarding course of.
  • Ship significant and beneficial push notifications.
  • Thoughtfully run mobile marketing campaigns.
  • Use e mail and social media advertising.
  • Incorporate a loyalty program.
  • Hearken to customers’ suggestions.
  • Regularly roll out updates.

Work together With Customers

You should at all times have two-way communication with the app customers. You should regularly monitor and reply to person evaluations and recommendations on app product pages in addition to different social media platforms. If customers really feel you’re eager to know their tackle the app, they’re extra prone to have interaction and retain.

7. Monitor and Preserve

Apps are by no means meant to be developed and left unattended. You have to regularly monitor them, see what options could be improved, and often roll out updates. Should you observe among the fashionable apps on the market, you may see how often they publish new updates.

As a part of application performance monitoring (APM), you may monitor key efficiency indicators (KPIs) equivalent to load speed, Time to First Byte (TTFB), CPU usage, and app crashes.

There are a number of APM tools out there like Firebase Performance Monitoring and New Relic Mobile Monitoring that allows you to determine the problems which will hurt the UX. Aside from software efficiency, there are additionally instruments to observe person behaviour and the way effectively your advertising campaigns are performing.

For that matter, we suggest you to check out our app analytics article. Should you’re creating an iOS app, try our article on iPhone app analytics platforms as effectively.